* Feathers black, somewhat iridescent in spring. Heavily speckled in
* Bill yellow in spring and summer, dark in winter.
* Tail short.
* Young birds are dusky brown.
* Head and body length: 7 1/2-8 1/2".
* Habitat: Open glades, meadows, parks, farms, cities. Nests built in
tree cavities or eaves of houses. They are large and bulky, made out
of straw, grass, and twigs, and lined with feathers,.
* Range: Throughout the United States.
* Voice: A sharp tseer or whistled whooee. Sometimes mimics
the songs of other birds.
* Behavior: Feeds on insects, fruits, cherries, and grains.
* Introduced from Eurasia and North Africa, where starlings are native.
* European starlings were first introduced, unsuccessfully, to the United
States in 1872, in Cincinnati. Repeated attempts were made to introduce
the birds, until they were successfully brought to New York City in
1900. Rumor has it that their arrival was part of a scheme to bring
birds mentioned in Shakespeare to America.
* Today, the aggressive starlings are considered pests; they
exclude many native bird species from using the limited number
of tree holes, and they move in large, noisy flocks during fall
Approved by NR