* Skin rough, warty, mottled brown and black with many color variations.
Underside finely rough. Chest usually spotted with dark pigment.
* Eyes prominent.
* Female larger than male.
* Body length: 3 1/2-5 1/2".
* Habitat: Gardens, lawns, moist woodland areas that offer damp soil
* Range: Eastern North America; other similar species of toad cover the
rest of the continent.
* Voice: A long, musical trill, heard most often in early spring. The
trill may last from 6 to 30 seconds.
* Behavior: In the spring, male toads go to shallow breeding ponds and
emit their trill, usually in rainy weather, providing a mating signal
for females. After mating, the female lays approximately 15,000 eggs
enclosed in jelly-like strings. The eggs hatch into black tadpoles, which
develop into adult toads in two to three years. Toads feed on insects,
earthworms, beetles, and slugs. They spend the winter buried in up to
three feet of soil.
* Contrary to popular folklore, toads do not cause warts! And kissing
one will not turn it into a prince. However, toad skin is used medicinally
in China - it contains the hormone adrenalin.
* "Give me your arm, old toad;
Help me down Cemetery Road."
-Philip Larkin, 1922-
* "The clever men at Oxford
Know all that there is to be knowed.
But they none of them know one half as much
As intelligent Mr. Toad."
-Kenneth Grahame, 1859-1932, author of The Wind in the Willows