* Leaves wedge-shaped, with smooth edges, 1/2-1 1/2".
* Twigs brown, ridged.
* Thorns present, branched or unbranched.
* Inner bark and wood yellow.
* Flowers yellow.
* Fruits red, either long or round.
* Height: To 5'.
* Flowers April - May.
* Habitat: Thickets, pastures, open areas.
* Range: Northeastern United States.
* Escaped from cultivation.
* Japanese barberry is eaten by ruffed grouse, bobwhite, and pheasant.