* Leaves triangular, long and pointed, 1-4". They flutter in the wind.
* Bark chalky and white, not separating readily into layers.
* Trunks marked by dark triangular chevrons at the bases of each branch,
as well as the narrow horizontal markings, called lenticels,
of all birches.
* Fruits green, soft, catkins, 1-2" long.
* Height: 20-40'.
* Flowers April - May.
* Fruits in September.
* Habitat: Poor soils; areas such as abandoned fields, roadsides, and
* Range: Southeastern Canada to northeastern United States.
* Gray birch wood is used for fuel, charcoal, and small woodenware. Ruffed
grouse and several species of songbirds feed on the seeds and buds.
In autumn, the leaves turn a pale translucent gold.
* A nickname for gray birch is 'Poverty Birch', since the tree
will grow in such poor soils.
* Note the triangular shapes on the tree's trunk in the bottom
photo at right. These markings distinguish the bark of gray birch
from other birches.