* 4 white bracts surround the
center cluster of insignificant greenish flowers, seemingly a single
* Leaves in a whorl of 6.
* Fruit a tight cluster of scarlet berries.
* Height: 3-8".
* Flowers May - July.
* Habitat: Cold woods, mountain slopes.
* Range: Northern Canada to north edge of United States.
* "This plant I take for a variegated Herb Paris, True Love
or One Berry, or rather One Flower, which is milk white, and
made up with four leaves [petals], with many black threads in
the middle, upon every thread grows a berry (when the leaves
of the flower have fallen) as big as white pease, of a light
red colour when they are ripe, and clustering together in a round
form as big as a pullet's egg, which at a distance shews but
as one berry, very pleasant in taste, and not unwholesome."
- John Josselyn, 1672
(Herb Paris or True-Love is the European Paris quadrifolia (Liliaceae),
for which an American Trillium has been mistaken.)
* "... several other kinds of small fruits and berries unknown
here of which we ate delicious dishes when we could find them.
There are some red ones which appear almost like coral, that
grow almost on the ground in little bunches with two or three
leaves, resembling laurel, which give them charm; they seem like
very fine bouquets and would serve as such."
- Pere Sagard, 1624
* Ripe berries, which are shown in the second picture, can be
eaten raw or cooked, in moderation. Never eat more than a few!