* Leaves elliptical to oblong ovate, double-toothed,
* Fruit greenish, wafer-like, with a seed inside a papery covering.
* Mature bark dark gray, in flat-topped ridges separated by roughly diamond-shaped
* Arrangement of branches gives tree unique vase-like shape
* Height: 80-120'.
* Flowers March - May.
* Fruits April - May.
* Habitat: Forests, bottomlands.
* Range: Southeastern Canada and eastern United States.
* Full-sized elms are now rare, since most have been destroyed by Dutch
elm disease, an introduced fungus spread by a bark beetle. In years
past, they lined the streets of small-town America. Disease-resistant
varieties are now available; the Chinese
elm is able to withstand the fungus. Wellesley College has one
remaining American elm; look for it on College Road, near Dower.
* Elms are noble, important trees; countless heroic and historic
deeds have been enacted beneath them. In Cambridge Common, George
Washington took command of the Continental Army and initiated
America's fight for independence. Numerous noteworthy elms once
stood throughout America; Buffalo Bill supposedly played beneath
the Green Tree elm in Iowa as a child, the "Divine Elm" of Boonesborough,
Kentucky shaded that state's first legislature, and General Lafayette
rested beneath a Massachusetts elm that was subsequently named
* "Sweet is every sound,
Sweeter thy voice, but every sound is sweet;
Myriads of rivulets hurrying thro' the lawn,
The moan of doves in immemorial elms,
And murmuring of innumerable bees."
-Alfred, Lord Tennyson, 1809-1892
* "What makes a first-class elm?
Why, size in the first place, chiefly. Anything over twenty feet of clear
girth, five feet above the ground, and with a spread of branches a
hundred feet across, may claim that title, according to my scale."
-Sherlock Holmes, in The Autocrat of the Breakfast Table,
by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle