Ostrya virginiana
Family Ostrya

* Leaves ovate, sharply and finely toothed, 1-4".
* Bark gray, grooved, with narrow, vertical, flaky scales which lift up from the edges and cling in the middle.
* Tree has a round top and an overall rounded shape. It is almost always an understory tree, rarely reaching the forest canopy.
* Height: To 30'.

Natural History:
* Habitat: Dry woods at low elevations.
* Range: Eastern Canada and United States.
* Native.

* This tree is sometimes called Hop Hornbeam, and sometimes confused with a similar tree called Ironwood. Both hornbeam and ironwood have heavy, dense, strong wood. The wood is so hard that it is almost impossible to drive a nail through it.

* Wood of the hornbeam's European relatives was often employed as yokes for oxen.

* Look for hornbeam in the oak-hickory forests that cover eastern Massachusetts, including the woodland northeast of Sage Hall and in the woods north and west of Lake Waban.

Aproved by NR


Created by: Allaire Diamond and Jiasuey Hsu
Maintained by: Nick Rodenhouse
Created: July 31, 1998
Last Modified: November 21, 2008