* Leaves white and sometimes hairy beneath, 3-5 lobes, wide base lobes.
* Bark smooth and gray when young, becoming darker and rougher with age.
* Twigs, buds, and leaf petiole reddish.
* Flowers red or yellow, in short clusters.
* Fruits reddish.
* Height: 20 - 40'.
* Flowers March - May.
* Fruits May - July.
* Habitat: Second-growth, wet forests.
* Range: Southeastern Canada and eastern United States.
* The red maple has the widest natural range of any North American maple.
Its wood, though not as hard as some other maple woods, is used to
make furniture, flooring, kitchenware, and clothespins, among other
* American pioneers used the tannin in the red maple's bark
to make ink. The ink's color was determined by the mineral, such
as iron or alum, added to the tannin.
* Peter Kalm, a Swedish botanist and student of the taxonomist
Linnaeus, wrote of the red maple in 1750:
"...out of its wood they make plates, spinning wheels, spools, feet for chairs
and beds and many other kinds of turnery. With the bark they dye both worsted
and linen, giving it a dark blue color."