* Leaves fan compound, 5 leaflets.
* Berries black, compound, flowers white.
* Canes (branches) to 12', whitened,tips may root in the ground.
* Stems thorned.
* Height: To 6'.
* Flowers June - September.
* Fruits August - October.
* Habitat: Tree fall gaps in forests, disturbed sites such as road verges,
constructions sites, abandoned farm fields, forest edges, burned areas,
edges of trails.
* Range: Quebec and Minnesota south.
* Black raspberry seeds can remain dormant for several years, germinating
when a disturbance has created a sunny place for them to live.
* Black raspberries are eaten by over 150 animal species; nearly
all game birds and big game animals in North America enjoy the