* Leaves opposite compound, 6-14", with 11-23 smooth-edged, narrow leaflets.
* Twigs and leaf stalks round, velvety, with raised dots.
* Trunk smooth, dark, with many lenticels.
* Fruits dry, red, in dense spikes.
* Height: 4-10'.
* Flowers July - September.
* Fruits August - spring.
* Habitat: Fields, forest openings.
* Range: Eastern half of the United States.
* Sumac berries remain on the plant throughout the winter, providing
an available, but little-used, source of food.
* Sumac is unique to North America, and the first colonists
sent specimens of it back to Europe. They also made a lemonade-like
drink from the acidic fruits. Residents of Appalachia collected
leaves and twigs and sold them to tanneries, which used these
sumac parts to dye leather.
* Native Americans combined cured leaves of it with tobacco
and other plants to smoke. They also used tea from sumac bark
to stimulate milk flow in nursing mothers.