Phleum pratense
Family Gramineae

* Inflorescence narrow, cylindrical, rough-textured.
* Flower single, pale green turning to tan.
* Height: 1-3 1/2'.

Natural History:
* Flowers in early summer.
* Habitat: Meadows, roadsides.
* Range: Throughout the United States.
* Presumably introduced from Europe.

* Timothy was first found in America in 1711 by one Jonathan Herd in New Hampshire, but the species was also known to exist in England.

* Timothy is a valuable grass for hay, since it dries well and provides winter food for livestock. It gets its name from the first farmer to promote it for hay, Timothy Hanson.

* From 1870 to 1910, timothy was a valuable cash crop, since hay was need to feed horses that propelled carriages and farm machines.


Created by: Allaire Diamond and Jiasuey Hsu
Maintained by: Nick Rodenhouse
Created: July 31, 1998
Last Modified: November 21, 2008