Flys Do It
Ancient and Widespread
B.C.E. Sumerian Recipe for Beer
depiction of sumerians
code addresses beer and taverns:
- 108. If a tavern-keeper (woman) does not accept corn according to
gross weight in payment of drink, but takes money, and the price of
the drink is less than that of the corn, she shall be convicted and
thrown into the water.
- 109. If conspirators meet in the house of a tavern-keeper, and these
conspirators are not captured and delivered to the court, the tavern-keeper
shall be put to death.
- 110. If a "sister of a god" open a tavern, or enter a tavern to drink,
then shall this woman be burned to death.
- 111. If an inn-keeper furnish sixty ka of usakani-drink to (?) she
shall receive fifty ka of corn at the harvest.
Drinking Cultures vs Smoking Cultures (BBC program Plants
Power Part 4 Alcohol Power)
When yeast grow anaerobically they make
make carbon dioxide and ethanol as waste products
This has been put to good use in the making of champagne, beer and
baked beer (aka bread).
When we ingest the alcohol we reverse the last step turning it back
into acetaldehyde and then into acetic acid (vinegar)
individuals have different levels of the enzymes alcohol and acetaldehyde
dehydrogenases which affects how they metabolize alcohol and how
they experience its effects
for example those with low levels of acetaldehyde dehydrogenase accumulate
acetaldehyde and often experience flushing and other unpleasant effects
mimics the effects of several other drugs
depending on the individual, the dose, the timing, the setting
|Everyone is different
|| intoxication, deterioration of brain function
|| nitrous oxide
| GABA receptor
|| increases sensitivity to GABA
|| depressant, lowers anxiety
|| benzodiazapams barbituates
| glutamate receptor
|| impaired memory
| dopamine receptor
|| increased release of dopamine
|| pleasure, reward, addiction
|| cocaine, amphetamines
| serotonin receptor
|| increased amount of serotonin
|| well being, satiety
| endorphin receptor
|| increased release of endorphins
|| joy, pain relief
| adenosine receptor
|| increased release adenosine
|| tired, sleepy, worn out
|| opposite of caffeine
Good for you
the Harvard School of Public Health
||Association with moderate consumption*
|Kaiser Permanente cohort: 123,840 men and women aged
reduction in fatal myocardial infarction, 20% reduction in cardiovascular
mortality; 80% increase in fatal hemorrhagic stroke
|Nurses' Health Study: 85,709 female nurses aged 34-59
lower risk of all-cause mortality; an earlier report showed
a 40% reduction in risk of CHD and 70% reduction
in risk of ischemic stroke
|Physicians' Health Study: 22,071 male physicians aged
reduced risk of angina and myocardial infarction, 20-30% reduced
risk of cardiovascular death
|American Cancer Society cohort: 489,626 men and women
reduced risk of cardiovascular death
|Eastern France cohort: 34,014 men and women
reduced risk of cardiovascular death
|Health Professionals Follow-up Study: 38,077 male health
professionals aged 40-75
reduced risk of myocardial infarction
* compared with non-drinkers
Not Good for You
of use in the US
have gone through alternating cycles
of widespread use and prohibition
Forbidden or discouraged
by some cultures
From the Quran
"O believers, intoxicating drinks, gambling, pagan sacrifice
are infamous works inspired by the devil. Avoid them and you will
be closer to bliss".
Encouraged by others
Wine is as good as life to a man, if it be drunk moderately:
what life is then to a man that is without wine? For it was made
to make men glad.
Go thy way, eat thy bread with joy, and drink thy wine with a
merry heart; for God now accepteth thy works.
Some cultures such as France and Italy, encourage drinking with
meals is at an early age.
Others use alcohol primarily in a religious context.
Bear, wine, whiskey or distilled
spirits are each the drink of
choice in different cultures
Frats and binges
If by Whiskey ...
|My friends, I had not intended to discuss this controversial subject at this particular time. However, I want you to know that I do not shun controversy. On the contrary, I will take a stand on any issue at any time, regardless of how fraught with controversy it might be. You have asked me how I feel about whiskey. All right, here is how I feel about whiskey:
If when you say whiskey you mean the devil's brew, the poison scourge, the bloody monster, that defiles innocence, dethrones reason, destroys the home, creates misery and poverty, yea, literally takes the bread from the mouths of little children; if you mean the evil drink that topples the Christian man and woman from the pinnacle of righteous, gracious living into the bottomless pit of degradation, and despair, and shame and helplessness, and hopelessness, then certainly I am against it.
But, if when you say whiskey you mean the oil of conversation, the philosophic wine, the ale that is consumed when good fellows get together, that puts a song in their hearts and laughter on their lips, and the warm glow of contentment in their eyes; if you mean Christmas cheer; if you mean the stimulating drink that puts the spring in the old gentleman's step on a frosty, crispy morning; if you mean the drink which enables a man to magnify his joy, and his happiness, and to forget, if only for a little while, life's great tragedies, and heartaches, and sorrows; if you mean that drink, the sale of which pours into our treasuries untold millions of dollars, which are used to provide tender care for our little crippled children, our blind, our deaf, our dumb, our pitiful aged and infirm; to build highways and hospitals and schools, then certainly I am for it.
This is my stand. I will not retreat from it. I will not compromise.
of sales are to teens and problem drinkers
associated with violent
crimes: murder, rape, assault, child and spousal abuse
double the health care costs
80,000 deaths a year in U.S.
4000 birth defects a year
step groups such as aa
- drugs such as antabuse
antabuse blocks the acetaldehyde dehydrogenase enzyme causing a
buildup of acetaldehyde, an unpleasant experience, if alcohol is