Carleton Gajdusek 1976 Nobel Laureate
"for their discoveries concerning new mechanisms for the origin and dissemination of infectious diseases"


Errors in protein structure can lead to prion diseases such as Mad Cow Disease (BSE) in which it is believed that the disease form of the protein seeds the deformation of healthy protein. Kuru, scrapie and Creutzfeld-Jacob disease are also thought to be prion diseases.


Stanley Pruisner 1997 Nobel Laureate
" for his discovery of Prions - a new biological principle of infection"

Image of human brain with Creutzfeld Jacob disease showing holes.

Mad Deer?

PrPc PrPsc

Misfolded Proteins and disease
'Harmless' prion protein linked to Alzheimer's disease