questions about Herbs



Thalidomide led to many birth defects in the 1950's and 60's in Europe and Canada including the noted baritone Thomas Quasthoff .

Frances Kelsey blocked its approval in the U.S.




Long-Awaited Medical Study Questions the Power of Prayer


Placebos have been shown to be effective for treating: anxiety, tension, melancholia, schizophrenia, pain of all sorts, headaches, cough, insomnia, seasickness, chronic bronchitis, the common cold, arthritis, peptic ulcer, hypertension, nausea, senile dementia, etc.

side effects include: nausea, headache, dizziness, sleepiness, insomnia, fatigue, depression, numbness, hallucinations, itching, vomiting, tremor, tachycardia, diarrhea, pallor, rashes, hives, ataxia, and edema

they are even occasionally addictive patients show a tendency to increase the dose, a compulsive desire to take the substance, and an abstinence syndrome when they are deprived of it.


SciAm Clip

power of placebos


NYTimes 1855
NYTimes 1887

Experts Question Placebo Pill for Children

Drug Testing

photo by Ansel Adams

Cell Screening

Clinical Trials


This site lists lots of trials

and other information about clinical research



Blind studies, double blind studies and triple blind studies are now routine to determine the efficacy of drugs. A double blind result can vary dramatically from a single blind study. Cultural differences also effect studies.

Originally formed because of adulteration of coffee the FDA requires testing of drugs to prove their efficacy and safety

The recent withdrawing of fen/phen from the market because of heart valve damage echoes the thalidomide tragedy of the early 60's which led to refinements in the drug approval process of clinical trials

Thalidomide seems to be helpful for many of the symptoms of AIDS for leprosy and cancers.And the FDA has recently approved its use.

in the future personalized drugs

The down side

Interesting Facts


For Good Health,
It Helps to Be
Rich and Important
from a study of British
Civil Servants

Fresh light thrown on tragic drug trial
Animal tests may have missed danger because monkeys 'too clean'.


Fewer Drugs in the Pipeline

Most From USPatentSources

many fatalities from legal drugs

drug interactions


some enter testing to get health care