Wellesley College
The Political Economy of Development & Underdevelopment
POL2 204 / Fall 2011

ver. 11.12.11

Prof. William A. Joseph
PNE 232 / 781-282-2201 / wjoseph@wellesley.edu
Office Hours: MTThF, 12:30-1:30; late afternoons by appointment

This course is an introductory overview of development studies. The overall approach is that of political economy: the connection and interaction between politics and economics in shaping development and underdevelopment as historical and on-going processes and conditions. No previous background in the subject is required or expected. In fact, if you have done extensive coursework in development studies, this course may be too introductory for you.

Course requirements:

NOTE: For the two short research papers, you may have a total of sevendays of "extensions" from the due date to use throughout the term as best fits your schedule. These extensions allow you to hand in a paper late without a grade penalty, but after your five days have been used up the assignment will be marked down 1/3 grade per day (or fraction of a day) late (e. g. from B+ to B).

Please read carefully the Course Responsibilities and Expectations distributed with this syllabus and available on the Sakai site. Note especially the following: LAPTOPS, IPADS, AND OTHER INTERNET CAPABLE DEVICES ARE NOT ALLOWED IN CLASS.My main reason for this is that I know -- from personal experience-- how distracting (tempting) a constant-on internet connection can be. Even just taking notes on a laptop can get in the way of the eye-to-eye, thought-to-thought contact between student and instructor (and between students) that is important for the kind of engaged liberal arts learning environment that lies at the heart of Wellesley's academic mission.

If you haven't done so, please fill out the brief student questionnaire at: /Polisci/wj/204/Q204.htm.

This course will make extensive use of the rich Internet resources on development studies. Students are expected to keep up with current events in the developing world. For suggested sources for news about the developing world, see my Development Studies Internet Resources web site, which is also accessible via the course conference on Sakai and the instructor's homepage.

Each student will be asked to submit an interesting and substantive article (or link) with commentary to the course conference at least once during the semester. The first 10-15 minutes or class each Thursday will be spent discussing current events. The events/issues discussed during this time may be part of the final exam. You might want to look at my Development News blogsite or the "News and Views" page of my Development Studies Internet Resources site.

Required books: Available for purchase at the bookstore [and elsewhere] and on reserve.

COURSE SCHEDULE & READING ASSIGNMENTS: Assignments marked (ER) are available via E-Reserves folder in the Resources section of the Sakai Conference for this course. Assignments marked (OL) are online and can be accessed via the online version of the course syllabus. Those marked (ebrary) are available through the online library catalog. Videos can be viewed either through the Media Gallery in Sakai or by the provided link. The readings are generally listed in the order in which it is recommended that they be done. The dates, topics, and assigned readings and video are subject to change. Changes will be announced in class and/or on the Sakai site.

Aug. 30 Introduction to the Course

Nicholas D. Kristof, "An African Adventure, and a Revelation," The New York Times, July 1, 2011. LINK

John Githongo, "When Wealth Breeds Rage," The New York Times, July 23, 2011. LINK

Video: Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, "Development in the 21st Century," speech delivered at the Center for Global Development, Washington, D.C., January 6, 2010. Watch the video and/or read the text.

Noam Unger, "President Obama and U.S. Global Leadership on Development," Brookings Institution, January 7, 2010. LINK

Sept. 2 Why Should We Care about the Poor? ... or Should We?

Alistair Grieg, David Hulme, and Mark Turner, Challenging Global Inequality: Development Theory and Practice in the 21st Century, chs. 1, 3 (pp. 39-52)

Video: Peter Singer, "The Life You Can Save," Berkeley Arts & Letters, March 2, 2009. (70 minutes; listen at least to the 35 minutes of Singer's lecture; Q&A optional) LINK

Garrett Hardin, "Lifeboat Ethics: the Case Against Helping the Poor," Psychology Today, September 1974. (ER)

Sept. 6 - 16 The Meaning(s) of Development & Underdevelopment

Sept. 6

"Rethinking the “third world” Seeing the world differently," The Economist, June 10, 2010. (ER)

Amartya Sen, Development as Freedom, Introduction, ch. 1. ebrary

Tony Smith, "Political Development," in J. Krieger, W. Joseph, et. al,. eds.,Oxford Companion to Politics of the World. LINK

Sept. 9

Grieg, et. al., ch. 2 (pp. 10-23).

Paul Collier, The Bottom Billion, ch. 1. (ER)

Nicholas D. Kristof, "Wretched of the Earth," The New York Review of Books, Vol. 5, No. 9, May, 31, 2007. (ER)

Video: "Hear Our Voices: The Poor on Poverty," The World Bank (30 minutes) (Sakai Media Gallery)

Video: "India's informal economy: the tailors of Dharavi," The Economist (7 minutes). LINK

Video: "Up in Smoke: Malawi's Tobacco Economy" (25 minutes) LINK


Sept. 13

Grieg, et. al., ch. 2 (pp. 23-29).

Patrick French, "Poor Little Rich Country," Foreign Policy, June 24, 2011. LINK

Overview and Key Findings, State of the World's Cities 2010/11 : Cities for All: Bridging the Urban Divide, UN-HABITAT. (ER)

Video: Stewart Brand on Squatter Cities, TED Talks in Less than 6 Minutes, Feb. 2006. LINK

"Citizen Security, Justice and Jobs Key to Breaking Cycles of Political and Criminal Violence: World Bank Report," April 10, 2011. LINK

Sept. 16 [NOTE: Sept. 16th's class will also begin the topic below, "Measuring Development & Underdevelopment."]

Kamala Markandaya, Nectar in a Sieve (all).

"Pakistan Flood Sets Back Infrastructure by Years," The New York Times, August 28, 2010. LINK

"Flood Disaster May Require Largest Aid Effort in Modern History," The New York Times, Aug. 20, 2010 LINK

David Brooks, "The Underlying Tragedy," The New York Times, January 14, 2010. LINK

Paul Collier and Jean-Louis Warnholz, “Building Haiti’s Economy, One Mango at a Time,” The New York Times, January 29, 2010. LINK

Sept. 20 Measuring Development & Underdevelopment

Grieg, et. al., ch. 3 (pp. 30-39).

"World Bank Updates Poverty Estimates for the Developing World," August 2008. LINK

Video: Hans Rosling, "Let my dataset change your mindset," TED talk at the State Department, June 2009 (18 minutes). LINK

Video: Esther Duflo, Fighting Poverty: What Works? The Work of the Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab at MIT" June 10, 2006 (37 minutes). LINK

Sept. 23-30 History Matters

Sept. 23, 27

Grieg, et. al, ch. 4 (pp. 53-66)

Karl Marx, "The British Rule in India" (1853). LINK

Chinua Achebe, Things Fall Apart (all).

M.K. Gandhi, Hind Swaraj Or Indian Home Rule (1908), excerpts: "A Word of Explanation"; chs. 14, 16, 17. LINK

Frantz Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth (1961) (excerpts). LINK

Sept. 30

VIdeo: "The Day the World Took Off, Part 2. Wheeling and Dealing" (Windfall Films/BBC4, 50 minutes). LINK

Friedrich Engels, The Condition of the Working Class in England (1845), ch. VI, "Results of Industrialization." LINK [SKIM]

Jared Diamond, "Why Did Human History Unfold Differently On Different Continents For The Last 13,000 Years?" (ER)

Angus Maddison, "The Contours of World Development," ch. 1 in The World Economy: A Millennial Perspective (2001), pp. 27-28; 42-48. (ER)

Oct. 4 - Nov. 8 The Development of "Development Thinking" (Explanations, Theories, Ideologies, Strategies, Models, & Policies)

Oct. 4 From the Four Points to the Cold War

Grieg, et. al., chs. 4 (pp. 66-72)

Harry Truman, The Point Four Program, InfoUSA, US Department of State. LINK

Truman's Orders to Implement Point 4 Plan, The New York Times, 09 Sep 1950. (ER)

Oct. 7, 14 Modernization Theory

Oct. 7

Grieg, et. al., ch. 5 (pp. 73-83)

Daniel Lerner, "The Grocer and the Chief," Harper's Magazine, September 1955. (ER)

W.W. Rostow, The Stages of Economic Growth, ch. 1 (selections). (ER)

Oct. 14

Video: "Tongpan" (63 mins.). LINK

Thomas Fuller, "Decision Looms for Laos Dam, but Impact Is Unclear," The New York Times, April 17, 2011. (ER)

Lawrence Harrison, "Culture Matters." The National Interest 60, (2000): 55-65. (ER)

Gal Beckerman, "The Peace Corps: What is it for?", The Boston Globe, May 15, 201. (ER)

Oct. 18 Dependency Theory

Grieg, et. al., ch. 5 (pp. 83-99)

Andre Gunder Frank, "The Development of Underdevelopment," Monthly Review, Vol. 18, 1969. (ER)

Andres Velasco, "The Dustbin of History: Dependency Theory," Foreign Policy, No. 133 (Nov. - Dec., 2002). (ER)

Oct. 21 Development Thinking Takes a Left Turn

Michel Oksenberg, "On Learning from China," in M. Oksenberg, ed., China's Developmental Experience, Proceedings of the Academy of Political Science, v. 31, no. 1, pp. 1-16.

Paul P. Streeten, "Basic Needs: Premises and Promises," Journal of Policy Modeling, vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 1979), pp. 136-46. (ER)

Gregg Easterbrook, "Forgotten Benefactor of Humanity," The Atlantic, January 1997. LINK

Wang Feng, "The End of 'Growth with Equity'? Economic Growth and Income Inequality in East Asia, AsiaPacific Issues, no. 101 (Honolulu: East-West Center, July 2011). (ER)

Oct. 25, 28 From Debt Crises to the Washington Consensus

Oct. 25

Vincent Ferraro and Melissa Rosser, "Global Debt and Third World Development" in Michael Klare and Daniel Thomas, eds., World Security: Challenges for a New Century, (1994), pp. 332-355. (ER)

David Bosco, "The Debt Frenzy, Foreign Policy, No. 161 (Jul. - Aug., 2007), pp. 36-42. (ER)

Video: BBC NewsNight - Vulture Funds. LINK

Oct. 28

Grieg, et. al., ch. 6, 8.

Joseph Stiglitz, "Freedom to Choose," in Globalization and It's Discontents (2003). (ER)

Nov. 4 Microcredit & Conditional Cash Transfers

Karol Boudreaux and Tyler Cowen, "The Micromagic of Microcredit," The Wilson Quarterly (1976-), Vol. 32, No. 1 (Winter, 2008), pp. 27-31. (ER)

Neil MacFarquhar, "Banks Making Big Profits From Tiny Loans," The New York Times, April 14, 2010. LINK

Ahidjit Bannerjee and Esther Duflo, "The Men from Kabul and the Eunuch of India: The (Not So) Simple Economics of Lending to the Poor," in Bannerjee and Duflo, Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way to Fight Global Poverty (2011). (ER)

Aditi Patel, "The Bolsa Familia: A Case Study of Brazil's Conditional Cash Transfer Program," in Aditi Patel, Policies for the Poor: A Comparative Analysis of India’s National Rural Employment Guarantee Act and Brazil’s Bolsa Familia Program, Honors Thesis in Political Science, Wellesley College, 2011. (ER)

Nov. 8 Gender & Development

Video: Sheryl WuDunn, " Our century's greatest injustice," TED Talks, July 2010. LINK

Tina Rosenberg, "The Daughter Deficit: When Development Makes Life Harder for Daughters," The New York Times, Aug. 17, 2009. LINK

World Development Report 2012: Gender Equality and Development Outline (ER).

Ian Bannon and Maria C. Correia, Other Half of Gender: Men's Issues in Development, ch. 1. (ER)

Nov. 11, 15 Current(s) in Development Thinking

Nov. 11

Grieg, et. al., chs. 7.

Carol Lancaster, "The New Face of Development," Current History, January 2008. (ER)

Nancy Birdsall and Frances Fukuyama, "The Post-Washington Consensus: Development after the Crisis," Foreign Affairs, March/April 2011. (ER)

Video: "Africa: Who is to Blame?" (57 minutes). (Sakai Media Gallery)

Nov. 15

Grieg, et. al., ch. 9

William Easterly, "The Ideology of Development," Foreign Policy, No. 161 (Jul. - Aug., 2007), pp. 30-35. (ER)

Video: Dambisa Moyo, "Dead Aid: Why Aid Is Not Working and How There Is A Better Way For Africa," University of British Columbia, November 8, 2010, (65 minutes). LINK

Stephan A. Marglin, "Development as Poison: Rethinking the Western Model of Modernity," Harvard International Review, Spring 2003. (ER)

Nov. 18, 22: Democratization

Nov. 18

Grieg, et. al., ch. 10.

Sen, "Democracy as a Universal Value," Journal of Democracy, 10.3 (1999) 3-17. (ER)

"Remarks by Dr. Raj Shah, USAID Administrator," Democracy, Rights and Governance Conference 2.0 Arlington, VA, June 20, 2011. LINK

Nov. 22

Steven Radelet,"Success Stories from 'Emerging Africa,'" Journal of Democracy, Volume 21, Number 4, October 2010, pp. pp. 87-100. (ER)

Joshua Kurlantzick, "The long arm of China: A rising world power begins to intervene in outside governments," The Boston Globe, September 24, 2011. (ER)

Ronald Inglehart and Christian Welzel, "How Development Leads to Democracy: What We Know About Modernization," Foreign Affairs, March-April 2009. (ER)

Georgina Waylen, "Women and Democratization: Conceptualizing Gender Relations in Transition Politics," Introduction and Conclusion, World Politics, Vol. 46, No. 3 (Apr., 1994). (ER)

Nov. 29 Third World States

Adrian Leftwich, "Theorizing the State," in P. Burnell, V. Randall, and L. Ranker, Politics in the Developing World. (ER)

UNESCAP, "What is Good Governance?" LINK

Robert Draper, "Somalia: Inside a Failed State," National Geographic, Sept. 2009. LINK (Main article, sidebar, photo gallery, & map).

Dec. 2 Ethnonationalism and Ethnopolitics

Gal Beckerman, "How to build a nation," The Boston Globe, October 2, 2011. (ER)

Video: National Geographic, "Darfur, Divided by Ethnic Conflict" (3 minutes). LINK

Stefan Wolff: "The path to ending ethnic conflicts," TED Talks, Nov 10, 2010. LINK

Dec. 6 Conclusion: What is to be Done?

Grieg, et. al. ch. 11.

Nicholas Kristof, "D.I.Y. Foreign-Aid Revolution," The New York Times, Oct. 20, 2010. LINK

Frances Brown and Derek Hall, "Tourism and Development in the Global South: the issues," Third World Quarterly, 29: 5, July 2008. 839 - 849. LINK

David Harrison, "Pro-poor Tourism: a critique," ibid., 851 - 868. LINK

Harold Goodwin, "Pro-poor Tourism: a response," ibid., 869 - 871. LINK

Kennedy Odede, "Slumdog Tourism,"The New York Times, August 9, 2010. LINK